Protein Deficiency

On the other hand, high doses of iron supplements, taken together with zinc supplements on an empty stomach, may inhibit the absorption of zinc. When taken with food, supplemental iron does not appear to inhibit zinc absorption. Iron-fortified foods have not been found to impair zinc absorption .

A TIBC test is used to reflect the amount of transferrin that’s carrying iron. While they’re not usually cancerous, fibroids can cause heavy menstrual bleeding that can lead to iron-deficiency anemia. Other genetic conditions may contribute to anemia by causing abnormal bleeding. This is due in part because iron plays a huge role in the body’s development of hemoglobin.

During counseling, pharmacists should screen for potential interactions and contraindications. To prevent accidental poisoning, patients should be advised to store iron supplements in child-resistant containers and out of the reach of children. The NCLEX exam loves to ask questions about patient education, major signs and symptoms, and the different types of iron-deficiency anemia. Mainous AG, III, Gill JM, Everett CJ. Transferrin saturation, dietary iron intake, and risk of cancer. Benefit of concomitant gastrointestinal and gynaecological evaluation in premenopausal women with iron deficiency anaemia. Auerbach M, Pappadakis JA, Bahrain H, Auerbach SA, Ballard H, Dahl NV. Safety and efficacy of rapidly administered one gram of low molecular weight iron dextran for the treatment of iron deficient anemia.

For example, anemia as a result of blood loss from a stomach ulcer should begin with medications to heal the ulcer. Likewise, surgery is often necessary to remove a colon cancer that is causing chronic blood loss and anemia. The hematocrit is specifically a measure of how much of the blood is made of red cells. The hematocrit is a very convenient way to determine whether the red blood cell count is too high, too low, or normal. The hematocrit is a measure of the proportion of blood that is composed of the red blood cells. Hemoglobin is a red pigment that imparts the familiar red color to red blood cells and to blood.

This is mainly beneficial in regions with a high prevalence of these diseases and where standard treatment is unavailable. The hemoglobin in red blood cells gives blood its red color, so low levels caused by iron deficiency make the blood less red. That’s why skin can lose some of its color or warmth in people with iron deficiency. Moreover, a pooled analysis of three high-quality trials demonstrated that supplemental iron combined with anti-malarial treatment protected children against clinical malaria and improved hematological parameters .

Colonoscopy Procedure and Preparation A colonoscopy is a procedure whereby a docotor inserts a viewing tube into the rectum for the purpose of inspecting the colon. Colonoscopy is the best method currently available to diagnose, detect, and treat abnormalities within the colon. Barium Enema The barium enema and double contrast barium enema are used to define normal and abnormal anatomy of the colon and rectum.

When red blood cells are no longer able to function , they are re-absorbed by the spleen. Iron from these old cells Liana can also be recycled by the body. Blood transfusion may be required in other less critical circumstances as well.

Endoscopic evaluation of the upper gastrointestinal tract is worthwhile in premenopausal women with iron-deficiency anaemia irrespective of menstrual flow. Zhou SJ, Gibson RA, Crowther CA, Makrides M. Should we lower the dose of iron when treating anaemia in pregnancy? Infusino I, Braga F, Dolci A, Panteghini M. Soluble transferrin receptor and sTfR/log ferritin index for the diagnosis of iron-deficiency anemia.

Poor absorption of iron from food may occur as a result of an intestinal disorder such as inflammatory bowel disease or celiac disease, or surgery such as a gastric bypass. In the developing world, parasitic worms, malaria, and HIV/AIDS increase the risk of iron deficiency anemia. The mild form begins with a decrease in stored iron, usually either from a low-iron diet or from excessive bleeding. If this does not resolve, the next stage is a greater depletion of iron stores and a drop in red blood cells. Eventually this leads to iron-deficiency anemia where iron stores are used up and there is significant loss of total red blood cells. Typically, a doctor screens for anemia by first checking a complete blood count .

This is generally without any major symptoms as the blood loss is relatively small and temporary. The normal level of hemoglobin is generally different in males and females. Anemia is caused by either a decrease in the production of red blood cells or hemoglobin or an increase in loss or the destruction of red blood cells.

Chavarro JE, Rich-Edwards JW, Rosner BA, Willett WC. Iron intake and risk of ovulatory infertility. See today’s front and back pages, download the newspaper, order back issues and use the historic Daily Will Delta-10 gummies help me sleep? Express newspaper archive. For instance, heavy menstrual flows could be a contributing factor to a lack of iron. Iron deficiency may also lead to headaches, dizziness, or lightheadedness in some people.

Iron deficiency results from an inadequate supply of iron to cells following depletion of the body’s reserves. Microcytic anemia occurs when body iron stores are so low that hemoglobin synthesis and red blood cell formation are severely impaired. Anemia happens when you do not have enough red blood cells. The cells travel with iron and hemoglobin, which is a protein that helps carry oxygen through the bloodstream to your organs all through the body. When someone develops anemia, they are said to be “anemic.” Being anemic might mean that you feel more tired or cold than you usually do, or if your skin seems too pale. This is due to your organs not receiving the oxygen they need to do their jobs.

Iron stores are depleted, but the functional iron supply is not limited. Iron is required for a number of additional vital functions, including growth, reproduction, healing, and immune function. Assess for local or systemic signs of infection, such as fever, chills, swelling, pain, and body malaise. Explain the importance of the diagnostic procedures , bone marrow aspiration and a possible referral to a hematologist. Advise patient to take liquid forms of iron via a straw and rinse mouth with water.

Very little can be done to self-treat anemia and medical treatment is generally needed. It is important to continue to take any medication that is prescribed for other chronic (long-lasting) medical problems. If the reason for anemia is known, then measures to keep it under control are very important. For example, if anemia is caused by a stomach ulcer, then medications such Hemp Products as aspirin or ibuprofen should be avoided, unless otherwise directed by a doctor. Because anemia is typically a clue to another underlying disease, it needs to be fully evaluated by a doctor, and proper testing needs to be undertaken to determine the cause. Therefore, if signs and symptoms of anemia are present, one should contact his or her physician for evaluation.

While some types of anemia are due to nutrients missing in your diet, folic acid deficiency anemia is almost unheard of in the United States today. Inflammation in Crohn’s disease can cause bleeding in the digestive tract, potentially leading to iron deficiency and fatigue. However, submitting to your cravings and eating these substances could be harmful, as it may lead to the ingestion of harmful toxins and substances.

Even if you are eating enough foods containing iron, you could still have an iron deficiency if your body can’t absorb enough of this mineral. However, if you decide to use iron supplements, it’s important to speak with your doctor who will check if you have low iron. This is to prevent the side effects of having too much iron in your body.

Iron deficiency can lead to premature labor and to problems with neural functioning, including delays in language and motor development in the infant. Possible reasons that athletics may contribute to lower iron levels includes mechanical hemolysis , loss of iron through sweat and urine, gastrointestinal blood loss, and haematuria . Mechanical hemolysis is most likely to occur in high-impact sports, especially among long-distance runners who experience “foot-strike hemolysis” from the repeated impact of their feet with the ground. Exercise-induced gastrointestinal bleeding is most likely to occur in endurance athletes.

iron deficiency signs symptoms

It can take six months to one year to get blood levels of iron up to a normal range and provide the body with iron stores. Oral iron replacement may not be effective in cases of iron deficiency due to malabsorption, such as celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, or H. Pylori infection; these cases would require treatment of the underlying disease to increase oral absorption or intravenous iron replacement. The treatment of iron-deficiency anemia includes treating the underlying cause, such as gastrointestinal bleeding and oral iron supplementation. Iron supplementation should be taken without food to increase absorption. Iron supplementation is needed for at least three months to replenish tissue iron stores and should proceed for at least a month even after hemoglobin has returned to normal levels.

Cleveland Clinic Children’s is dedicated to the medical, surgical and rehabilitative care of infants, children and adolescents. Eating junk food means you are getting calories without nutrients. You also have to consider other medical conditions that you have when you make your food choices. Although most types of anemia can be treated, anemia can still be fatal.

People with iron deficiency anaemia may also have reduced immune function, so they are more vulnerable to infection. In children, iron deficiency anaemia can affect growth and brain development. Most of your body’s iron is in the haemoglobin Les bienfaits des oursons au CBD ? of your red blood cells, which carry oxygen to your body. Extra iron is stored in your liver and is used by your body when your dietary intake is too low. Aplastic anemia is a life-threatening form of complete bone marrow failure.

Does Cooking In Cast Iron Help Iron Deficiency?

In 2015, anemia due to iron deficiency resulted in about 54,000 deaths – down from 213,000 deaths in 1990. Prenatal vitamin supplements usually contain iron, and women with heavy periods may need supplemental iron as well. Most men and postmenopausal women get enough iron from food and should not take iron supplements unless prescribed by a healthcare provider. If you need to take an iron supplement, don’t take more than 45 mg per day unless your healthcare provider instructs you to do so. Iron levels can be corrected either by increasing iron in the diet, taking iron supplements in pill form, or, for situations that don’t improve with these options, a parenteral injection of iron may be necessary.

Types Of Iron In Our Diets

When magnesium levels are low, the body absorbs extra magnesium from the small intestine, while reducing the amount that is excreted by the kidneys. Requirements are higher in teenagers aged between 14 and 18 years old, as well as for those who are pregnant. Younger children require less magnesium than teenagers and adults. Anyone who experiences any of the above symptoms should see a doctor for tests to establish the cause. Arthur says that “easy bruising” is one of the surprising signs of a vitamin K deficiency. Vitamin E plays a huge role in the maintenance of your muscles.

Signs And Symptoms

However, serum ferritin can be elevated by any type of chronic inflammation and thus is not consistently decreased in iron-deficiency anemia. Serum iron levels may be measured, but serum iron concentration is not as reliable as the measurement of both serum iron and serum iron-binding protein levels. Iron deficiency affects maternal well-being by increasing risks for infections and complications during pregnancy. Some of these complications include pre-eclampsia, bleeding problems, and perinatal infections. Pregnancies where iron deficiency is present can lead to improper development of fetal tissues. Iron supplements may lead to a risk for gestational diabetes, pregnant women with adequate hemoglobin levels are recommended not to take iron supplements.

For instance, genetic disorders may require bone marrow transplant. Different types of anemia may lead to other serious problems. People with sickle cell anemia often have heart and lung complications.

Anemia Caused By Vitamin B12 Deficiency

However, if you discover that a deficiency is the cause of your anemia, there are ways to get better. One 2013 meta-analysis published in the journal Nutrients concluded that vitamin A supplements can both prevent iron deficiency anemia and reverse it. Automated measurement of red blood cell microcytosis and hypochromia in iron deficiency and beta-thalassemia trait. March hemoglobinuria can also lead to iron deficiency anemia and may require some modification in either shoe wear or physical activity. Summarize the importance of improving care coordination among interprofessional team members to improve outcomes for patients affected by iron deficiency anemia. Even if the cause of the iron deficiency can be identified and treated, it is still usually necessary to take medicinal iron until the deficiency is corrected and the body’s iron stores are replenished.

This name may refer to other conditions, including folic acid deficiency anemia and Addison’s anemia, even though there is no intrinsic factor deficiency. Iron from the food you eat is absorbed into the body by the cells that line the gastrointestinal tract; the body only absorbs a small fraction of the iron you ingest. The iron is then released into the blood stream, where a protein called transferrin attaches to it and delivers the iron to the liver. Iron is stored in the liver as ferritin and released as needed to make new red blood cells in the bone marrow.

If you think you’d benefit from personalised help, please see the Work with mepage for more information on how you can gain tailored advice. Start with doses containing under 30 mg of elemental iron. Weight iron dextran, iron carboxymaltose, iron sucrose and ferric gluconate complex.

The current EAR for iron for women ages 14–18 is 7.9 mg/day, 8.1 for ages 19–50 and 5.0 thereafter . The Recommended Dietary Allowance is 15.0 mg/day for women ages 15–18, 18.0 for 19–50 and 8.0 thereafter. For children ages 1–3 years it is 7 mg/day, 10 for ages 4–8 and 8 for ages 9–13. For women the Population Reference Intake is 13 mg/day ages 15–17 years, 16 mg/day for women ages 18 and up who are premenopausal and 11 mg/day postmenopausal. For men the Population Reference Intake is 11 mg/day ages 15 and older. For children ages 1 to 14 the Population Reference Intake increases from 7 to 11 mg/day.

What Can Interfere With Iron Absorption?

Iron needs to be a part of your body if you want to have a healthy immune system. If you want your body to have success with fighting sickness then you need iron. If you’re a woman that’s pregnant, though, you can probably assume that your cravings aren’t due to an iron deficiency. Iron deficiency has a lot of symptoms but this is one that rarely occurs.

A lack of sufficient iron levels in the blood is one reason that some people cannot donate blood. Most forms of iron deficiency can be treated fairly easily through an iron-rich diet or iron supplements, if recommended by a doctor. Hemoglobin enables your red blood cells to carry oxygen around your body. Feeling very tired is one of the most common symptoms of iron deficiency anemia. This symptom is also common in people who simply don’t have enough iron, even if they haven’t received a diagnosis of deficiency .

What Is Iron Deficiency Anemia?

It may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as, hair loss and thinning, cracked and dry lips, and a dark circles around the eyes. Calories, whether from carbohydrates, protein, or fats, do not affect the iron absorption or content. Nevertheless, those who are underweight, whether due to health problems, anorexia, or dieting, are often iron deficient because they don’t consume enough iron in the diet. Some illnesses prevent absorption of iron, including irritable bowel syndrome, lupus, and celiac disease. Gastric bypass, which often involves the removal of sections of the stomach or intestines, may also interfere with adequate iron absorption.

These groups include women with heavy menstrual cycles, frequent blood donors, adolescent girls, and people who eat strict vegetarian diets. Empirical iron supplements for everyone are not recommended as there is no evidence that this is beneficial but may be harmful. Iron deficiency, the most common cause, is responsible for 50% of all anemias. The rate of iron CBD-Öl deficiency is higher in developing countries compared to the United States, where the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia in men under 50 is 1%. In women of childbearing age in the United States, the rate is 10% due to losses from menstruation, while 9% of children ages 12 to 36 months are iron-deficient, and one-third of these children develop anemia.

Iron deficiency is not something you should try to treat on your own. There are several types of iron supplements and the dose has to be adjusted for your age, medical condition, and iron level. Too much iron can cause side effects and can be toxic to your liver. Eating a balanced diet is the best way to prevent iron deficiency. Heme iron comes from animal foods like meat, poultry, and fish.

The body tightly regulates the transport of iron throughout various body compartments, such as developing red blood cells , circulating macrophages, liver cells that store iron, and other tissues . Intracellular iron concentrations are regulated according to the body’s iron needs , but extracellular signals also regulate iron homeostasis in the body through the action of hepcidin. Heme iron comes from hemoglobin and myoglobin in animal food sources and represents 10%-15% of total dietary iron intake of meat eaters.

The researchers reviewed eight studies on increasing hemoglobin from iron cookware. Forty percent of these studies found some increase in hemoglobin. In six studies that looked at increased iron levels in blood from iron cookware, 50 percent found some significant increase. Ultimately, the researchers concluded that iron benefits from iron cookware are not highly significant, require more research, and would probably be most effective if combined with food-based strategies.

When the body has sufficient iron to meet its needs , the remainder is stored for later use in cells, mostly in the bone marrow and liver. These stores are called ferritin complexes and are part of the human iron metabolism systems. Men store about 3.5 g of iron in their body, and women store about 2.5 g. You may be a little low in red blood cells, and therefore, iron, for a few days after donating blood. But healthy people who do so generally experience a correction of red blood cell volume without noticeable consequences.

Iron deficiency can have serious health consequences that diet may not be able to quickly correct; hence, an iron supplement is often necessary if the iron deficiency has become symptomatic. If you think you have symptoms of iron deficiency, talk with a doctor. Common symptoms include fatigue, palenes, shortness of breath, and dry or damaged hair and skin. Plants and iron-fortified foods contain nonheme iron only, whereas animal foods contain both forms. Iron deficiency lowers the level of hemoglobin in your blood, which may reduce the amount of oxygen available to cells that cause hair growth .

Haematuria in athletes is most likely to occur in those that undergo repetitive impacts on the body, particularly affecting the feet and hands (e.g. Conga or Candombe drumming). Intravenous iron sucrose versus oral iron supplementation for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease—a randomized, controlled, open-label, multicenter study. Functional iron deficiency, in contrast, is due to impaired iron release into the circulation from enterocytes, macrophages, or hepatocytes. In certain patients , the combination of iron deficiency and inflammation may result in significant anemia, which must be considered during management and therapy. If you’ve been diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia, you may be relieved to learn what’s been causing your symptoms.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there were 1.7 deaths per 100,000 due to anemia in the U.S. in 2017. If your anemia is caused by internal bleeding, your provider may need to do surgery to stop it. Surgical repair has been used to cure anemia in people with the paraesophageal type of hiatal hernias, with or without ulcers (called Cameron’s ulcers). The type and number of blood and other tests will depend on what type of anemia your provider thinks that you have. It is important for children to have enough iron and other nutrients in their diets to prevent anemia and the related problems with lack of attention, delayed development of motor skills and problems with learning.

You will have another blood test in around 6 months to check that your iron level has improved. If you have iron deficiency anaemia, your GP may recommend that you take iron supplements. Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection left untreated causes AIDS . Still incurable, AIDS describes immune system collapse that opens the way for opportunistic infections and cancers to kill the patient. Early symptoms and signs of HIV infection include flu-like symptoms and fungal infections, but some people may not show any symptoms for years. Highly active antiretroviral therapy is the standard treatment for HIV infection.

Reports of treatment of iron deficiency anemia are all based on expert opinion, but there is a clear benefit of treatment during the short term. There remain significant gaps in how long the treatment should be done, as well as ethnic differences in response to iron and who is at risk for developing adverse reactions. The most common adverse effect of intravenous iron is nausea. While rare, anaphylaxis may occur with intravenous iron infusions. Extravasation of iron solutions into the subcutaneous tissue causes brownish stains that can be permanent and aesthetically unpleasant for the patient.

So how are you supposed to know whether you’re lacking in essential nutrients? Well, in addition to getting your levels checked every year at the doctor’s office, you can familiarize yourself with these surprising signs of vitamin deficiency. Those with severe iron deficiency anemia should limit physical activity until the anemia has been corrected.

You can see how different collections of symptoms show up differently for each person. Calcium and tannin in tea, coffee and red wine, reduce the absorption of non-haem iron, so these should be taken several hours before a meal. Conversely, vitamin C enhances the absorption of iron when they are taken together. What happens in the body when it doesn’t get enough protein? There are several symptoms of protein deficiency to watch out for, some more obvious than others. Proteins are made of amino acids, which are literally the building blocks of life.

It is also important that you and your healthcare provider make decisions together about what works best for you. Take the opportunity to ask for a referral to a registered dietitian if you want help setting a diet to help with iron intake. Make sure you ask all the questions that you have so you can be confident in moving forward.

What Is Sickle Cell Anemia? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Prevention

Toxicity is rare because the body regulates iron absorption and will absorb less if iron stores are adequate. Excessive iron occurs most often from taking high-dosage supplements when not needed or from having a genetic condition that stores too much iron. Most people can increase their magnesium levels by eating more magnesium-rich foods. Anyone experiencing symptoms of deficiency should see a doctor. Most studies on iron replacement therapies were done several decades ago. Many of these studies were not randomized, and the follow-up appointments were short.

The emerging role of less invasive testing for celiac disease, autoimmune atrophic gastritis, and Heliobacter pylori infections has improved disease recognition and diagnosis. While there is always the potential for relapse after iron supplementation, there is a lack of guidance regarding when to stop iron supplementation. An additional pitfall of iron deficiency anemia is worse outcomes with many medical conditions. Some of the adverse effects of patients with iron-deficient anemia are higher mortality, more extended hospital stays, and more cardiovascular events.

Anemia can also develop due to vitamin B12 deficiency, as vitamin B12 is essential to make red blood cells and carry oxygen through your body. You might need to take iron supplements for a few months or more to get your levels to normal. If your What benefits do vegan CBD Gummies offer? intestines don’t absorb iron well, you can take iron straight into your bloodstream through an intravenous tube . Usually, you can treat iron deficiency anemia with supplements. Once your iron levels go up, you should start to feel better.

Common Causes Of Iron Deficiency

This functional iron deficiency will resolve once the source of inflammation is rectified; however, if not resolved, it can progress to anaemia of chronic inflammation. The underlying inflammation can be caused by fever, inflammatory bowel disease, infections, chronic heart failure , carcinomas, or following surgery. Moderately elevated iron stores might be much more common than iron deficiency in middle-age and older individuals .

This test checks to see how many red blood cells you have. Lead from water or from environmental sources can get in the way of making red blood cells. Iron deficiency anemia is when your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells. You can reduce your risk of iron deficiency anemia by choosing iron-rich foods. Depending on the cause, you may need intervention to stop the process of iron deficiency.

Diamond-Blackfan anemia is diagnosed within the first year of life in nearly 90% of people who have it. Some people have a hereditary condition called hemochromatosis that causes an excessive buildup of iron in the body. Treatments are given periodically to remove blood or excess iron in the blood. People with hemochromatosis are educated to follow a low-iron diet and to avoid iron and vitamin C supplements. If left untreated, iron can build up in certain organs so that there is a higher risk of developing conditions like liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, or heart disease. People with chronic kidney failure on dialysis—the kidneys make a hormone called erythropoietin that signals the body to make red blood cells.

There are several mechanisms that control iron metabolism and safeguard against iron deficiency. The main regulatory mechanism is situated in the gastrointestinal tract. The majority of iron absorption occurs in the duodenum, the first section of the small intestine.

How To Increase Your Iron Absorption And Manage Iron

With eyes lingering on your fingertips, check if the nails are brittle. Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any signs and symptoms that worry you. If you’re diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia, you may need tests to look for a source of blood loss, including tests to examine your gastrointestinal tract. This is a type of anemia in that is caused by damaged bone marrow which is unable to make enough red blood cells. Some people might think of this condition as cancer, but it is not.

A travel history to areas in which hookworms and whipworms are endemic may also be helpful in guiding certain stool tests for parasites or their eggs. Although symptoms can play a role in identifying iron-deficiency anemia, they are often vague, which may limit their contribution to determining the diagnosis. Some studies show that women pregnant during their teenage years can be at greater risk of iron-deficiency anemia due to an already increased need for iron and other nutrients during adolescent growth spurts. Iron-deficiency anemia may be present without a person experiencing symptoms, it tends to develop slowly; therefore the body has time to adapt, and the disease often goes unrecognized for some time.

Results may be available in an hour or longer depending on the setting. Others with anemia may feel tired, weak, fatigue easily, and others. Try taking the tablets with or soon after food to reduce the chance of side effects. If alcohol is the cause of anemia, then in addition to taking vitamins and maintaining adequate nutrition, alcohol consumption needs to be stopped.

Stool testing.Testing stool for the presence of hemoglobin is useful in establishing gastrointestinal bleeding as the etiology of iron deficiency anemia. Although the history and physical examination can lead to the recognition of the condition and help establish the etiology, iron deficiency anemia is primarily a laboratory diagnosis. Stevens RG, Graubard BI, Micozzi MS, Neriishi K, Blumberg BS. Moderate elevation of body iron level and increased risk of cancer occurrence and death. Bini EJ, Micale PL, Weinshel EH. Evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract in premenopausal women with iron deficiency anemia. Ali M, Rigolosi R, Fayemi AO, Braun EV, Frascino J, Singer R. Failure of serum ferritin levels to predict bone-marrow iron content after intravenous iron-dextran therapy. Hussain I, Bhoyroo J, Butcher A, Koch TA, He A, Bregman DB. Direct comparison of the safety and efficacy of ferric carboxymaltose versus iron dextran in patients with iron deficiency anemia.

Transferrin saturation and TIBC can be useful to confirm iron deficiency, particularly in the context of inflammation (e.g. infection, inflammatory disorder). Anaemia is defined as a haemoglobin level of less than 130g/L for men, and less than 120g/L for non-pregnant women. A comprehensive collection of OSCE guides to common clinical procedures, including step-by-step images of key CBD + THC Gummies steps, video demonstrations and PDF mark schemes. Your body can absorb more iron when its consumed in several smaller doses rather than one large one, says Sass. Doctors often check for bleeding from a hiatal hernia, an ulcer or the stomach with the aid of endoscopy. In this procedure, a thin, lighted tube equipped with a video camera is passed down your throat to your stomach.

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